Subjects and Definitions


Frankston Photographic Club
2024 Competition Subjects / Closing & Judging Dates

 January No Competition
 February Open Closing: 11 January Judging: 14 February
 March  Plants / Flowers Closing: 15 February Judging: 13 March
 April  Scapes – Land, Sea, City Closing: 14 March Judging: 10 April
 May Motion / Movement Closing: 11 April Judging: 8 May
 June Creative Closing: 9 May Judging: 12 June
 July Open Closing: 13 June Judging: 10 July
 August Architecture Closing: 11 July Judging: 14 August
 September Mood of Weather Closing: 15 August Judging: 11 September
 October Nature Closing: 12 September Judging: 9 October
 November Rural Australia Closing: 10 October Judging: 13 November
 December EOY Comp – Open Closing: 14 November Judging: 11 December


Frankston Photographic Club
2024 Subject Definitions and Appointed Judges

February – OPEN – Judge: David Norris
Any type of image can be submitted as long as it is deemed not offensive to any club member. (FPC)

March – PLANTS & FLOWERS – Judge: Theo van der Meulen
Plants include images of living organisms of the kind exemplified by trees, shrubs, herbs, grasses, ferns, and mosses, growing naturally or in gardens.
Flowers include images of the bloom or blossom of a plant. These may be photographed under controlled conditions, e.g., hot houses or lights, provided the colours and appearance are predominantly natural. Images of plants or flowers freshly cut for the specific purpose of photographing them under controlled conditions are acceptable. However, if flowers or plants are photographed indoors, the main subject must be the flowers or plants and not an arrangement of it/them. Creative images, dried, decaying or preserved plants and flowers and still life images are outside of the intent of the competition. (FPC)

April – SCAPES: LAND, SEA, CITY – Judge: Greg Earl
Scapes (Landscape/Seascape/Cityscape – see below) – An image featuring an expansive view. Generally a scape could be defined as a ‘vista’ or a ‘broad view’ of the subject.
Landscape: A landscape is a picture of natural inland scenery displayed in a pictorial fashion. It may include evidence of man, people, animals and even part of the sea provided that none of these dominate the picture.
Seascape: A seascape is a photograph of natural costal scenery, a wave study or a picture of the open sea. People, boats and items related to these may be present as incidental items in the picture.
Cityscape: The urban equivalent of a landscape, a cityscape depicts the built form and shape of a city or town (or one of its parts) through general or broad views of buildings and/or streets. Architectural detail images of one or more buildings are not considered cityscapes. (APJA)

May – MOTION/MOVEMENT – Judge: Jeff Nankervis
An image in which our visual sense tells us that the subject was moving when the image was made. (APJA)

June – CREATIVE – Judge: Bob Williamson
Photographs display a novel effect because of an unusual combination of objects and/or unusual viewpoint. Photographs in which the image has been modified during or after exposure by using an experimental technique are also eligible in creative sections. The photograph must always have a basic photographic image. Digital manipulation processes may be employed provided the original image was exposed by the entrant. (APS)

July – OPEN – Judge: Sam Mariani
Any type of image can be submitted as long as it is deemed not offensive to any club member. (FPC)

August – ARCHITECTURE – Judge: Gary Smith
An image of a building or structure of any type, old or modern, exterior or interior. Detailed features of any part including domes, doors, roofs, stairways, steeples, towers, verandas and windows. (APJA).

September – MOOD OF WEATHER – Judge: Lisa Law
An image depicting some aspect of the weather e.g. storm [actual or impending] rain, hail, snow, fog or wind. Normal sunny conditions or the aftermath of severe weather are not acceptable. (APJA)

October – NATURE: Live Creatures, restricted to: Birds, Mammals, Reptiles, Fish, Molluscs, Cephalopods and Insects – Judge: Katy Lilac
The entire definition for Nature is included below for your information, but the competition is restricted to: Live Creatures, but limited to: Birds, Mammals, Reptiles, Fish, Molluscs, Cephalopods and Insects

Photography is restricted to the use of the photographic process to depict all branches of natural history, except anthropology and archaeology, in such a fashion that a well-informed person will be able to identify the subject material and certify its honest presentation. The story telling value of a photograph must be weighed more than the pictorial quality whilst maintaining high technical quality. Human elements shall not be present, except where those human elements are integral parts of the nature story such as nature subjects, like barn owls or storks, adapted to an environment modified by humans, or where those human elements are in situations depicting natural forces, like hurricanes or tidal waves. Scientific bands, scientific tags or radio collars on wild animals are permissible.

Note: Photographs of human created hybrid plants, cultivated plants, feral animals, domestic animals, or mounted specimens are ineligible, as is any form of manipulation that alters the truth of the photographic statement. No techniques that add, relocate, replace, or remove pictorial elements except by cropping are permitted. Techniques that enhance the presentation of the photograph without changing the nature story or the pictorial content, or without altering the content of the original scene, are permitted including HDR, focus stacking and dodging/burning. Techniques that remove elements added by the camera, such as dust spots, digital noise, and film scratches, are allowed. Stitched images are not permitted. All allowed adjustments must appear natural.

Colour images can be converted to grey-scale monochrome. Infrared images, either direct-captures or derivations, are not allowed.

Images used in Nature Photography competitions may be divided in two classes: Nature and Wildlife. Images entered in Nature sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above can have landscapes, geologic formations, weather phenomena, and extant organisms as the primary subject matter. This includes images taken with the subjects in controlled conditions, such as zoos, game farms, botanical gardens, aquariums and any enclosure where the subjects are totally dependent on man for food.

Images entered in Wildlife sections meeting the Nature Photography Definition above are further defined as one or more extant zoological or botanical organisms free and unrestrained in a natural or adopted habitat.

Landscapes, geologic formations, photographs of zoo or game farm animals, or of any extant zoological or botanical species taken under controlled conditions are not eligible in Wildlife sections.

Wildlife is not limited to animals, birds and insects. Marine subjects and botanical subjects (including fungi and algae) taken in the wild are suitable wildlife subjects, as are carcasses of extant species. Wildlife images may be entered in Nature sections of Exhibitions”

(Ref: The PSA, FIAP and RPS all use the same definition for nature and wildlife categories for their respective competitions and exhibitions effective 1st January 2015)

November – RURAL AUSTRALIA – Judge: David Skinner
A depiction of any aspect of non-urban life or scenery representing life in a rural setting, capturing the spirit of the Australian countryside. Content can range from rural social documentary to rural landscape and may include animals, machinery and buildings or any other component of rural life. The picture must be taken in Australia. (APJA)

December – EOY OPEN – Judge: Panel of 3 Judges
Any type of image can be submitted as long as it is deemed not offensive to any club member. (FPC)


APJA       Australian Photographic Judges Association Inc
APS         Australian Photographic Society Inc
SAPF       South Australian Photographic Federation
VAPS       Victorian Association of Photographic Societies
FPC          Frankston Photographic Club
PSA          Photographic Society of America